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科學美國人60秒:互聯網電纜可測量地震

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This is Scientific American's 60-second Science, I'm Christopher Intagliata.
In addition to giant crustaceans and creepy anglerfish, the deep oceans hide a vital piece of technology: the cables connecting almost every continent, island and archipelago to the Internet. But it seems those undersea cables can be used for more than just sending cat memes around the world.
"We can do a good job picking up earthquakes using offshore cables."
Jonathan Ajo-Franklin is an applied geophysicist at Rice University and Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. He says that fiber-optic cables are like threads of glass—and there are impurities built in. So when you shoot lasers through the fibers, those impurities backscatter some of the light right back to the laser source.
"And we make measurements of the change in the backscattered light over time, which gives you information on the stretch of the cable at each location."

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His team took advantage of a brief maintenance period when a particular cable, off the coast of Monterey, California, was not being used for communication. The researchers studied the slight deformations in the cable and were able to sense a small earthquake, pinpoint unmapped faults in the seafloor and observe movements in the water column—all of which might be of interest to oceanographers.
Their work is in the journal Science.
Ajo-Franklin points out that seismometers are pretty sparse in the world's oceans:
"It's a big blank spot."
So these cables could really come in handy. And unlike for this study, you wouldn't even have to turn off the Internet to do it.
"We're looking at ways of potentially using just a small section of the spectrum, so you can communicate at the same time you can do sensing on these kinds of cables."
Which might bring more of the Earth's deep rumblings online.
Thanks for listening for Scientific American's 60-second Science. I'm Christopher Intagliata.

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laser ['leizə]

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n. 激光,鐳射

 
vital ['vaitl]

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adj. 至關重要的,生死攸關的,有活力的,致命的

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particular [pə'tikjulə]

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adj. 特殊的,特別的,特定的,挑剔的
n.

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stretch [stretʃ]

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n. 伸展,張開
adj. 可伸縮的

 
communicate [kə'mju:nikeit]

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v. 交流,傳達,溝通

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communication [kə.mju:ni'keiʃn]

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n. 溝通,交流,通訊,傳達,通信

 
spectrum ['spektrəm]

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n. 光譜,範圍,系列

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tidy ['taidi]

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adj. 整齊的,整潔的,相當大的
vt. 使

 
addition [ə'diʃən]

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n. 增加,附加物,加法

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slight [slait]

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adj. 輕微的,微小的,纖細的,脆弱的
vt

 
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